Dr Enrico Dippenaar

Senior Lecturer in Paramedic Science

Faculty:Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care

Department:School of Allied Health

Location: Chelmsford

Areas of Expertise: Allied & public health , Paramedic science

Enrico is an experienced paramedic and academic who champions out-of-hospital emergency care and the profession of paramedicine.


Enrico started his career in emergency services as a firefighter in the beautiful city of Cape Town, South Africa. Through his initial training and contact with first aid, an immediate interest grew towards paramedicine.

While working as a firefighter, Enrico's passion to become a paramedic led him to complete further tertiary education to the highest clinical level obtainable within paramedicine. He worked as an Emergency Care Practitioner and firefighter for many years until an opportunity was presented to him in Dubai. There, he managed a clinic for a leading international private healthcare group (Mediclinic) at the prestigious Atlantis resort on the Palm Jumeirah. Further opportunities presented as he became a medical and rescue flight paramedic for the United Arab Emirates national helicopter search and rescue service.

While living and working in Dubai, Enrico furthered his studies by completing a MSc and PhD in Emergency Medicine. He then joined Anglia Ruskin University in a full-time academic position.

Spoken Languages

  • Afrikaans

Research interests

  • Emergency medicine
  • Paramedicine
  • Out-of-hospital emergency care
  • Healthcare systems and regulations
  • XMedical ethics and law

Enrico’s research interests are primarily focused around emergency medicine in the out-of-hospital setting. These include structures, processes and outcomes in emergency care that are both clinical and non-clinical. Matching the needs of the community with the resources available to do the most for the most. Qualitative research designs, healthcare systems analysis and development, and action research are some of the strengths Enrico has gained over his career.

Areas of research supervision

  • (MSc) A cross-sectional investigation of the management of winter sport-related injuries in secondary schools within the Gauteng province of South Africa
  • (MPhil) Understanding of responsibilities during behavioral emergencies amongst pre-hospital healthcare providers in Pretoria, South Africa
  • (MPhil) Current practices of spinal immobilization in the South African prehospital setting
  • (MPhil) Medications for inclusion in a pre-hospital formulary: consensus among emergency care experts in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • (PhD) Collaborator: Open and distance learning as a design and delivery method for emergency care training in Namibia
  • Research reviewer and examiner for the Emergency Medicine Divisions’ Research Sub-Committee (EMDRC), Emergency Medicine Cape Town (http://www.emct.info/)


Enrico involved himself with tutoring and mentoring from the start of his emergency services career. He taught and examined within paramedical education on a part-time basis at college and university levels. He is also a seasoned American Heart Association instructor for all their life support programmes.


  • PhD: Emergency Medicine, UCT
  • MScMed: Emergency Medicine, UCT
  • Dip: Fire Technology, SAESI
  • BTech: Emergency Medical Care, CPUT
  • NDip: Emergency Medical Care, CPUT

Memberships, editorial boards

  • College of Paramedics, UK
  • Royal College of Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine Society of South Africa
  • Emergency Care Society of South Africa
  • International Association of Flight & Critical Care Paramedics
  • American Heart Association

Selected recent publications

Dippenaar E, Holmes L. A feasibility study of oral Tilidine in pre-hospital paediatric pain management [dissertation]. South Africa: Cape Peninsula University of Technology; 2010.

Dippenaar E. Identifying the role of pre-hospital intercostal chest drains in South Africa [dissertation]. South Africa: University of Cape Town; 2013.

Dippenaar E, Wallis L. Identifying the role of pre-hospital intercostal chest drains in South Africa [abstract]. Sanguine. 2014;4(2):21.

Dippenaar E. Standardisation and validation of a triage system in a private hospital group in the United Arab Emirates [thesis]. South Africa: University of Cape Town; 2016.

Dippenaar E, Bruijns S. Triage is easy, said no triage nurse ever [editorial]. Int Emerg Nurs. 2016;29:1-2.

Recent presentations and conferences

Dippenaar E. Identifying the role of pre-hospital intercostal chest drains in South Africa [presentation]. Emergency Care Society of South Africa Conference, Johannesburg. 2014; Sep 18-20.