Toby graduated with a BSc and PhD in Zoology from the University of Aberdeen. After working as a research fellow at Marine Scotland Science in Aberdeen and the University of Southampton he took up a post as a lecturer in Animal Behaviour and Welfare here at Anglia Ruskin University. After continuing his research work in Animal Behaviour and related subjects, and having a number of management roles, he became increasingly interested in the field of Learning and Teaching. He became a Principal Lecturer in 2008 and was made a University Teaching Fellow in 2011. In 2012 he took up the role of Faculty Director of Learning, Teaching and Assessment to support continuing innovation and good practise in teaching within the Faculty.
- Marine Mammal and Fishery interactions
- Use of technology in Learning and Teaching
Areas of research supervision
Toby is currently supervising postgraduate research on penguins in the Antarctic, community ecology of hemiptera on grassland swards and the use of a team-based learning approach to promote student engagement.
Among the research projects Toby has supervised in the past are projects on fish welfare, bushmeat identification, analysis of fin damage in salmon and invasive crayfish in British rivers.
University Teaching Fellow, Anglia Ruskin University
- BSc Zoology (Aberdeen)
- PhD Zoology (Aberdeen)
Memberships, editorial boards
- Fellow of the Linnean Society
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
- Member of the Mammal Society
- Member of the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
- Vice President for Cambridge Natural History Society
- Member of the Editorial Board for Nature in Cambridgeshire
Selected recent publications
Arkwright, T., Malassis, R., Delfour, F. & Carter, T. (In Press) California sea lions (Zalophus californianus
) can spontaneously follow subtle human gestures, but not glances. International Journal of Comparative Psychology.
Jensen, A-L.M., Delfour, F and Carter, T. (2013) Anticipatory Behaviour in Captive Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus
): a preliminary study. Zoo Biology. 32 (4) 436-444
Martins, C.I.M., Galhardo, L., Damsgård, B., Noble, C., Spedicato, M.T., Zupa, W., Beauchaud, M., Kulczykowska, E., Massabuau, J-C., Carter, T., Planellas, S.R. and Kristiansen, T. (2013) Behavioural indicators of farmed fish welfare. In Welfare of Farmed Fish in Present and Future Production Systems
. Ed: van de Vis, H., Kiessling, A., Flik, G. and Mackenzie, S. Springer, London pp 20 – 45.
Martins, C.I.M., Galhardo, L., Damsgård, B., Noble, C., Spedicato, M.T., Zupa, W., Beauchaud, M., Kulczykowska, E., Massabuau, J-C., Carter, T., Planellas, S.R. and Kristiansen, T. (2012) Behavioural indicators of farmed fish welfare. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
. Vol 38 (1) 17 - 41. http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1007/s10695-011-9518-8http://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1007/s10695-011-9518-8