Published: 23 January 2015 at 10:39
Anglia Ruskin Professor finds evidence of trauma in very first Gulf War in ancient Iraq.
Research has discovered soldiers in ancient Iraq suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) up to 3,000 years ago.
A paper co-written by Anglia Ruskin University’s Professor Jamie Hacker Hughes and Dr Walid Abdul-Hamid, Consultant Psychiatrist at the North Essex Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, suggests the condition existed in the ancient world. Previously, the first documented instance of PTSD was Herodotus’ account of the Athenian spear carrier Epizelus’ psychogenic mutism following the Marathon Wars in 490 BC.
This paper, entitled Nothing New Under the Sun: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders in the Ancient World, gives evidence that much earlier traumas were suffered in Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq) during the Assyrian Dynasty (1300-609 BC). These instances were explained at the time as the spirits of those enemies whom the patient had killed in battle causing the symptoms.
Texts uncovered from the time mention that the King of Elam’s “mind changed”, meaning he became disturbed. The researchers argue he may have been suffering from PTSD. Trauma was also suffered by soldiers, with the male population of Assyria called upon to fight in battles in every third year during their military service. The co-authors suggest this was the cause of post-traumatic stress disorders.
The paper states that while modern technology has increased the effectiveness and types of weaponry,
The researchers also examine how people found it difficult to diagnose these traumas and to treat them accordingly due to a lack of understanding.
Professor Jamie Hacker Hughes, Director of Anglia Ruskin’s Veterans and Families Institute, said:
The full paper can be read at http://www.nepft.nhs.uk/_uploads/documents/esm_019_06_549-557_abdul-hamid_hughes_off.pdf