Dr Candice Howarth

Candice Howarth

Senior Research Fellow

Global Sustainability Institute

Candice was a Senior Research Fellow at the Global Sustainability Institute (GSI) and specialises in climate change communication, the science-policy interface and sustainable behaviour change.

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View Candice's profile on ResearchGate


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Candice previously led the Climate Action and Cultural Systems theme in the GSI, and her research interests include climate communication and decision making, development of climate and sustainability narratives to maximise engagement and behaviour change.

From September 2013 to November 2014, Candice was on secondment to the International Climate Change Directorate in the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) leading on stakeholder engagement on international climate policy and the science-policy interface. She is a member of the UCL Policy Commission on Communicating Climate Science, a Committee Member of the BSA Climate Change Study Group and a trustee of the environmental behaviour change charity Global Action Plan.

At the GSI, she was leading research on climate scepticism, the science-policy interface, co-production approaches to climate communication, local engagement on climate change and the co-design of climate engagement and communication strategies between key stakeholders and young publics.

Candice has experience of teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate levels on climate change science, policy and communication as well as policy engagement, sustainability, behaviour change and research methods. She is a guest lecturer at the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL) and taught on the GSI's MSc Sustainability, BSc International Business and MSc Electronic and Electrical Engineering.

She has a PhD in climate change communication and behaviour change (University of Southampton, 2010), an MSc in Climate Change (University of East Anglia, 2007) and a BSc in Meteorology (University of Reading, 2004).

Research interests

  • Climate communication, action and engagement, the science policy interface and methods of co-production
  • The application of different behavioural theories (eg psychological, social, economic) as well as sustainability communication, climate action, travel, energy and water behaviour

Candice has experience in qualitative (questionnaires) and quantitative (focus groups, semi structured interviews, case study analysis) research design and analysis. She has designed, led and analysed results from offline and online questionnaires, and has conducted focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews (i.e. identification and contact of participants, transcription, and analysis). She has also been the Principal Investigator for numerous projects including:

  • ‘Developing positive framing of the UK fifth carbon budget’, in collaboration with Climate Outreach (2016)
  • ‘The Nexus Shocks project: informing decision making in response to climate shocks’, funded by the Nexus Network (2015-2016)
  • Overcoming the climate language barrier: an innovation policy approach to improving the IPCC process. ESRC/CCCEP Climate Policy Innovation Fund
  • Co-producing climate knowledge and action, in collaboration with Mott MacDonald
  • ‘Labeling opinions in the climate debate’, in collaboration with LSE
  • WE@EU, 'Water Efficiency in European Urban Areas' EU funded project
  • Evaluation partner for Developing a Promotional Green Deal Assessment Programme in Cambridgeshire. South Cambridgeshire District Council
  • Evaluation of Green Deal trials, Cabinet Office & Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
  • Evaluation of the EU's Consumer 2020 programme in respect to the role of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in delivering energy efficiency and achieving the EU's Climate and Energy 20-20 targets


  • PG Certificate, Learning and Teaching, Anglia Ruskin University
  • PhD, Sustainable communication and behaviour change, Department of Civil Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton
  • MSc Climate Change, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia
  • BSc Meteorology, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading

Memberships, editorial boards

  • Member, British Sociological Association Climate Change Study Group
  • Member, British Science Association
  • Associate Fellow, Royal Meteorological Society
  • Fellow, The Higher Education Academy

Research grants, consultancy, knowledge exchange

  • Reviewer, Department of Energy and Climate Change, United Kingdom
  • Evaluator, Austrian Climate Research Programme.

Selected recent publications

Refereed full papers

Howarth, C. and Sharman, A., 2015. Labelling opinions in the climate debate: a critical review. WIRES Climate Change

Viner, D. and Howarth, C., 2014. Practitioner’s work & evidence in IPCC reports. Nature Climate Change, 4.

Rapley, C., de Meyer, K., Carney, J., Howarth, C., Clarke, R., Smith, N., Stilgoe, J. and Youngs, S., 2014. Time for a change? Climate Science Reconsidered. UCL Policy Commission on Communicating Climate Science.

Howarth, C., 2013. Climate change information framework for behaviour change: Applications to UK travel. The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, 5(1), pp.55-75. 

Howarth, C. and Polyviou, P., 2012. Sustainable travel behaviour and the widespread impacts to the local economy. Local Economy, 27(7), pp.762-779.

Howarth, C. and Black, R. (submitted). Localising engagement on climate change. Invited Commentary, Nature Climate Change.

Non peer-reviewed

Howarth, C. and Lyons, C., 2013. The university in addressing climate change: communicating climate change for impactful action. JPI Climate Future Research Leaders Forum, Session Reports, pp.30-32.

Howarth, C., 2013. How climate change communication can influence sustainable transformations in Society. JPI Climate Future Research Leaders Forum, Position Papers, pp.48-51.

Howarth, C., 2013. Behaviour Change, Sustainability and ICT. Report for the EU Commission DG CNECT. 

Howarth, C. and Jones, A., 2013. Insights into issues and opportunities arising from building partnerships between community groups & energy providers. Report for the Department for Energy and Climate Change.

Howarth, C. and Jones, A., 2013. Removing the hassle factor associated with loft insulation: evaluation of a behavioural trial. Report for the Department for Energy and Climate Change.

Howarth, C., 2013. Understanding our behaviour, framework for success. GSI So What?, 3, p.5.

Jones, A., Allen, I., Silver, N., Howarth, C., Cameron, C. and Caldecott, B., 2013. Resource constraints: sharing a finite world: Implications of Limits to Growth for the Actuarial Profession. The Actuarial Profession.

Wiles, E. and Howarth, C., 2012. UK Farmers' Perceptions to Climate Change and Climate Solutions: A Review. GSI report.

Howarth, C. and Enson, S.J., 2012. Towards an Epistemology of Climate Change Sceptics: Enhancing Definitions. GSI report.

Wilkins, M., Jones, A., Howarth, C. and van Ast, L., 2012. Credit FAQ: how water shortages in Eastern England could increase costs for UK-based utilities. In: Wilkins, M., Erlander, K. and Climent-Soler, D. (Eds.). Global Credit Portal Ratings Direct. Standard and Poor’s.

Recent presentations and conferences

Howarth, C. and Viner, D., 2015. Overcoming the climate language barrier: incorporating practitioner knowledge in the IPCC process. Global Sustainability Institute Conference, Cambridge, UK.

Sharman, A. and Howarth, C., 2015. Building bridges between climate scientists and sceptical voices: implications for public perceptions of climate change. British Sociological Association Annual Conference, Glasgow, April 2015.

Howarth, C., 2014. Climate action and engagement: the need for effective climate communication. 5th European Communication Conference (ECC). Lusofona University, November 2014.

Howarth, C. and Sharman, A., 2014. Labelling opinions in the climate debate. Changing climate change communication: a conference on the interactions between culture, society and language in the context of global warming. VU University Amsterdam, July 2014.

Howarth, C., 2013. A new climate change information framework for behavior change: facilitating dialogue & action on climate change. 5th International Conference on Climate Change: Impacts & Responses, Mauritius, July 2013.

Howarth, C., 2012. Targeting Sustainably Aspiring Motorised and Active Travellers or Environmentally Apathetic Motorised Travellers? Reducing unsustainable travel behaviour through segmentation. International Geographical Congress, Cologne, Germany, August 2012.

Howarth, C., 2012. Energy efficient behaviour: an insight into results from the UK’s Green Deal trials. Royal Geographical Society/IBG Annual Conference, Edinburgh, UK, July 2012.

Howarth, C., 2012. Climate change information: overcoming perceived barriers to change and reinforcing sustainable travel behaviour. Planet Under Pressure 2012, London, UK, 26–29 March 2012.

Howarth, C., 2011. Changing travel behaviour: the impact of targeting tailored climate change information. Behavior, Energy and Climate Change Conference, Washington, DC, November 2011.