Fair use links

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合理使用链接

Fair use related Blog links

1、冯晓青:http://www.fengxiaoqingip.com/lunwen/20121026/8927.html

2、刘晓怡:http://www.sipo.gov.cn/zlssbgs/zlyj/2014/201505/t20150525_1122373.html

3、王自强:http://www.gapp.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/135353.html

4、光明日报:

http://epaper.gmw.cn/gmrb/html/2014-04/29/nw.D110000gmrb_20140429_4-07.htm

5、王涛:http://www.zgzx.com.cn/2016-03/07/content_8713505.htm

6、阎晓宏:http://ip.people.com.cn/n/2015/0616/c136655-27163375.html

7、索来军:http://www.gapp.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/247175.html

8、路中林:http://www.gapp.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/277843.html

9、经济日报:http://www.gapp.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/300520.html

10、吴汉东:http://www.iolaw.org.cn/showNews.asp?id=32126

11、中国知识产权报:http://www.cipnews.com.cn/zgzscqb/html/2014-07/11/content_43590.htm?div=-1

Copyright fair use related links

图书馆合理使用:library 

http://news.idoican.com.cn/xhsmb/html/2008-11/18/content_20926553.htm

http://paper.people.com.cn/rmlt/html/2010-07/11/content_582348.htm?div=-1

http://www.kmcenter.org/html/s63/200502/25-1947.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/247090.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/234996.html

网络环境下合理使用:internet

http://media.people.com.cn/n/2014/0725/c387044-25340556.html

http://www.chinaiprlaw.cn/index.php?id=422

http://www.gapp.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/274793.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/296491.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/244211.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/557/20809.html

网络电子游戏直播:online gaming http://www.cnipr.com/sfsj/zjkf/201604/t20160408_196107.htm

出版合理使用: publishing

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_477708d60101155h.html

http://news.xinhuanet.com/legal/2015-05/21/c_127824759.htm

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/134755.html

室外公共场所艺术作品的合理使用:outdoor public area art works http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4da63f4101019xze.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/255302.html

http://www.sls.org.cn/Pages/Detail.aspx?id=3256

摄影作品合理使用:photographic works

http://rmfyb.chinacourt.org/paper/html/2011-11/09/content_35735.htm

影视作品合理使用: film works

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/248478.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/242143.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/235412.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/228746.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/298061.html

学术合理使用:research and academic

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/534/20596.html

教育领域:educational

http://www.pep.com.cn/cbck/0910x/201012/t20101227_993369.htm

http://www.maxlaw.cn/l/20150819/826244220796.shtml

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/518/278249.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/293991.html

http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/229011.html

音乐:music  http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/267510.html

建筑:architecture  http://www.ncac.gov.cn/chinacopyright/contents/4509/255762.html

References

Fair use related provisions under the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China (2010)

Section 4 Limitations on Rights

Article 22 In the following cases, a work may be exploited without the permission from, and without payment of remuneration to, the copyright owner, provided that the name of the author and the title of the work are mentioned and the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner by virtue of this Law are not infringed upon:

(1) use of a published work for the purposes of the user's own private study, research or self-entertainment;

(2) appropriate quotation from a published work in one's own work for the purposes of introduction of, or comment on, a work, or demonstration of a point;

(3) inevitable reappearance or citation of a published work in newspapers, periodicals, radio stations, television stations or other media for the purpose of reporting current events;

(4) reprinting by newspapers or periodicals or other media, or rebroadcasting by radio stations or television stations or other media, of the current event articles on the issues of politics, economy and religion, which have been published by other newspapers, periodicals, radio stations or television stations or other media, except where the author has declared that publication or broadcasting is not permitted;

(5) publication in newspapers or periodicals or other media, or broadcasting by radio stations or television stations or other media, of a speech delivered at a public assembly, except where the author has declared that publication or broadcasting is not permitted;

(6) translation or reproduction, in a small quality of copies, of a published work for use by teachers or scientific researchers in classroom teaching or scientific research, provided that the translation or reproduction is not published or distributed;

(7) use of a published work by a State organ within the reasonable scope for the purpose of fulfilling its official duties;

(8) reproduction of a work in its collections by a library, archive, memorial hall, museum, art gallery or similar institution, for the purpose of the display or preservation of a copy of the work;

(9) free of charge performance of a published work, that is, with respect to the performance, neither fees are charged from the public nor the remuneration is paid to the performers;

(10) copying, drawing, photographing, or video recording of an artistic work located or on display in an outdoor public place;

(11) translation of a work published by a Chinese citizen, legal entity or organization, which is created in the Han language (Chinese), into a minority nationality language for publication and distribution within the country;

(12) translation of a published work into Braille and publication of the work so translated;

The provisions in the preceding paragraph shall be applicable to the limitations on the rights of publishers, performers, producers of sound recordings and video recordings, radio stations and television stations.

Article 23 Anyone who compiles or publishes textbooks for the purpose of implementing the nine-year compulsory education or State education planning may, without the permission from the copyright owner, except that the author has declared in advance that the exploitation is not permitted, compile published fragments of works, short written works or musical works, a single work of fine art, or photographic works into the textbooks, however, he shall pay the remuneration as provided, mention the name of the author and the title of the work, and shall not infringe upon other rights which the copyright owner shall enjoy in accordance with this Law.

The provisions in the preceding paragraph shall be applicable to the limitations on the rights of publishers, performers, producers of sound recordings and video recordings, radio stations and television stations.

Fair use related provisions under the copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China (3RD Revision Draft, Submission Version)

Chapter IV: The limitations of rights

Article 43: Under the following circumstances, works may be used without the permission of the copyright holder, and without paying remuneration, but the full name or appellation of the copyright holder, the name of the work and the source of the work shall be indicated, and it may not infringe other rights enjoyed by the copyright holder according to this Law:

(1) reproducing reproduce extracts from works already published by other persons for individual study or research;

(2) appropriately using other persons’ already published works in a work, to introduce or discuss a certain work or explain a certain question, the cited part may not constitute the main or a substantial part of the work of the quoted person;

(3) republishing or citing already published works where it is inevitable in media such as newspapers, periodicals, radio, television,  networks, etc., in order to report news;

(4)newspapers,periodicals,radio stations, television stations,  networks and other media publishing or transmitting current affairs-type articles concerning political, economic or religious questions already published in other newspapers, periodicals, radio stations, television stations,  networks and other media, except where the creator has indicated his disallowance of use;

(5)newspapers, periodicals, radio stations, television station,  networks and other media publishing or transmitting speeches made in public assemblies, except where the creator has indicated his disallowance of use;

(6) translating or in small quantities reproducing already published works for classroom teaching or scientific research, for the use of teaching or research personnel; but these may not be published;

(7) State organs using already published works for implementing their duties within a reasonable scope;

(8) libraries, archives, memorial halls, museums, art galleries, etc., reproducing  the works stored in these facilities in order to display or preserve editions;

(9) free of charge performance of already published works, where the said performance does not collect fees from the audience, no remuneration is paid to the performers, and economic benefits are not gained in any other way;

(10) copying, painting or photographing or recording artworks installed or exhibited in outdoors public venues, or reproducing, disseminating or broadcasting the recording to the public, but it is prohibited to reproduce the said artwork in an identical manner, exhibit it or openly disseminate it;

(11) translating already published Mandarin spoken or written language works of Chinese natural persons, legal persons or other organizations into ethnic minority spoken or written language works for domestic publishing;

(12) translating already published works into Braille for publication;

(13) other circumstances

When using works in ways provided by the previous Paragraph, it is prohibited to influence the regular use of the work, and it is prohibited to unreasonably harm the lawful rights and interests of the copyright holder.

Article 44: Lawfully authorized users of computer programmes may engage in the following activities:

(1) installing the said computer on computers and other devices having information processing capacity on the basis of requirements for use;

(2) producing back-up reproductions to prevent damage to the computer programme. This sort of back-up reproductions may not be provided to other persons from use in any way, and when that person loses lawful authorization, he is responsible for the destruction of back-up reproductions;

(3) conducting necessary alterations in order to use the said computer programme in a real applied computing environment or improve its functionswithout permission of the copyright holder of the said programme, the revised programme as well as devices or components specially used by the revised programme may not be provided to third parties in any way.

Article 45: Where, in order to study and research the design thinking and principles that computer programmes contain, lawfully authorised computer programme users use computer programmes through installation, display, transmission, storage or other means, they are permitted not to obtain permission of the copyright holder of the computer programme, and do not pay remuneration to them.

Article 46: When lawfully authorized users of computer programmes cannot obtain necessary compatibility information through regular channels, they may reproduce and translate the content of the part related to compatibility information in the said computer programme, without permission of the copyright holder of the said computer programme.

For using the information obtained according to the provisions of the above Paragraph, the use objective of computer programme compatibility may not be exceeded, it may not be used to develop, produce or sell virtually similar computer programmes, and may not be used for any activity infringing copyright.

Article 47: In the compilation of textbooks for the implementation of national compulsory education, according to the conditions provided in Article 50 of this Law, it is permitted to publish short portions of already published works or small literary works or music works, or single fine artworks, photographic works or graphs in the textbook without permission of the copyright holders.

Article 48: After literary works are published in newspapers or periodicals, other newspapers and periodicals may reprint them or publish them in digests or materials without permission of the creator, according to the conditions provided in Article 50 of this Law.

Newspaper and periodical publishers enjoy exclusive publishing rights over works they publish according to the authorization of the creator, and where they have made an indication that they prohibit reprinting or republishing in a clear position in newspapers or periodicals they publish, other newspapers and periodicals may not reprint or publish them.

Article 49: Radio stations and television stations may, according to the conditions provided in Article 50 of this Law, without permission of the copyright holder, broadcast their already published works; but when broadcasting audiovisual works, they shall obtain permission from the copyright holder.

The provisions of this Article apply to Chinese copyright holders as well as foreign copyright holders whose work is created in China.

Article 50: According to the provisions of Article 47, Article 48, and Article 49 of this Law, use of already published works without permission of the copyright holder must conform to the following conditions:

(1) applying or filing with the corresponding collective copyright management organization before the first time of use;

(2) indicating the full name or appellation of the creator, name of the work and source of the work at the time of using a work, except where such indication is impossible for technological reasons;

(3) directly paying use fees to the rights holder or paying them to rights holders through collective copyright management organizations, according to remuneration standards formulated by State Council administrative copyright management department within one month of using a work, and at the same time, providing the name of the used work, the full name or appellation of the creators, the source of the work and other corresponding information.

Collective copyright management organizations shall timely publish the filing information provided in the previous Paragraph, and establish work use situation consulting systems for rights holders to consult the work use situation and fee payment situation free of charge.

Collective copyright management organizations shall timely and within a reasonable period transfer the use fees mentioned in Paragraph 1 of this Article to rights holders.

Article 51: Where users have tried their best to find the rights holders of works of which the period of copyright protection has not yet expired, without result, and the matter conforms to one of the following conditions, it is permitted to use the work in digital form after applying with a body appointed by the State Council administrative copyright management department and posting a use fee:

(1) the identity of the copyright holder is unclear;

(2) the identity of the copyright holder is clear but it is impossible to establish contact.

Concrete implementation rules for the previous Paragraph are formulated separately by the State Council administrative copyright management department.

参考法律条款

现行《著作权法》关于合理使用限制例外条款

第四节 权利的限制

第二十二条在下列情况下使用作品,可以不经著作权人许可,不向其支付报酬,但应当指明作者姓名、作品名称,并且不得侵犯著作权人依照本法享有的其他权利:

(一)为个人学习、研究或者欣赏,使用他人已经发表的作品;

(二)为介绍、评论某一作品或者说明某一问题,在作品中适当引用他人已经发表的作品;

(三)为报道时事新闻,在报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台等媒体中不可避免地再现或者引用已经发表的作品;

(四)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台等媒体刊登或者播放其他报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台等媒体已经发表的关于政治、经济、宗教问题的时事性文章,但作者声明不许刊登、播放的除外;

(五)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台等媒体刊登或者播放在公众集会上发表的讲话,但作者声明不许刊登、播放的除外;

(六)为学校课堂教学或者科学研究,翻译或者少量复制已经发表的作品,供教学或者科研人员使用,但不得出版发行;

(七)国家机关为执行公务在合理范围内使用已经发表的作品;

(八)图书馆、档案馆、纪念馆、博物馆、美术馆等为陈列或者保存版本的需要,复制本馆收藏的作品;

(九)免费表演已经发表的作品,该表演未向公众收取费用,也未向表演者支付报酬;

(十)对设置或者陈列在室外公共场所的艺术作品进行临摹、绘画、摄影、录像;

(十一)将中国公民、法人或者其他组织已经发表的以汉语言文字创作的作品翻译成少数民族语言文字作品在国内出版发行;

(十二)将已经发表的作品改成盲文出版。

前款规定适用于对出版者、表演者、录音录像制作者、广播电台、电视台的权利的限制。

第二十三条为实施九年制义务教育和国家教育规划而编写出版教科书,除作者事先声明不许使用的外,可以不经著作权人许可,在教科书中汇编已经发表的作品片段或者短小的文字作品、音乐作品或者单幅的美术作品、摄影作品,但应当按照规定支付报酬,指明作者姓名、作品名称,并且不得侵犯著作权人依照本法享有的其他权利。

前款规定适用于对出版者、表演者、录音录像制作者、广播电台、电视台的权利的限制。

《著作权法》(第三次修改草案送审稿)关于合理使用例外条款

第四章  权利的限制

第四十三条 在下列情况下使用作品,可以不经著作权人许可,不向其支付报酬,但应当指明作者姓名或者名称、作品名称、作品出处,并且不得侵犯著作权人依照本法享有的其他权利:

(一)为个人学习、研究,复制他人已经发表的作品的片段;

(二)为介绍、评论某一作品或者说明某一问题,在作品中适当引用他人已经发表的作品,引用部分不得构成引用人作品的主要或者实质部分;

(三)为报道新闻,在报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台、网络等媒体中不可避免地再现或者引用已经发表的作品;

(四)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台、网络等媒体刊登或者播放其他报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台、网络等媒 体已经发表的关于政治、经济、宗教问题的时事性文章,但作者声明不得使用的除外;

(五)报纸、期刊、广播电台、电视台、网络等媒体刊登或者播放在公众集会上发表的讲话,但作者声明不得使用 的除外;

(六)为学校课堂教学或者科学研究,翻译或者少量复制已经发表的作品,供教学或者科研人员使用,但不得出版;

(七)国家机关为执行公务在合理范围内使用已经发表的作品;

(八)图书馆、档案馆、纪念馆、博物馆、美术馆等为陈列或者保存版本的需要,复制本馆收藏的作品;

(九)免费表演已经发表的作品,该表演未向公众收取费用,未向表演者支付报酬,也未以其他方式获得经济利益;

(十)对设置或者陈列在室外公共场所的艺术作品进行 临摹、绘画、摄影、录像并复制、发行以及向公众传播,但 不得以该艺术作品的相同方式复制、陈列以及公开传播;

(十一)将中国自然人、法人或者其他组织已经发表的以汉语言文字创作的作品翻译成少数民族语言文字作品在国内出版;

(十二)将已经发表的作品改成盲文出版;

(十三)其他情形。

以前款规定的方式使用作品,不得影响作品的正常使

用,也不得不合理地损害著作权人的合法利益。

第四十四条 计算机程序的合法授权使用者可以从事下列行为:

(一)根据使用的需要把该程序装入计算机等具有信息处理能力的装置内;

(二)为了防止计算机程序损坏而制作备份复制件;这些备份复制件不得通过任何方式提供给他人使用,并在本人丧失合法授权时,负责将备份复制件销毁;

(三)为了把该程序用于实际的计算机应用环境或者实 现其功能而进行必要的改动;未经该程序的著作权人许可,不得向任何第三方提供修改后的程序以及专门用作修改程 序的装置或者部件。

第四十五条 为了学习和研究计算机程序内含的设计思想和原理,计算机程序的合法授权使用者通过安装、显示、传输或者存储等方式使用计算机程序的,可以不经计算机程 序著作权人许可,不向其支付报酬。

第四十六条 计算机程序的合法授权使用者在通过正常途径无法获取必要的兼容性信息时,可以不经该程序著作权人许可,复制和翻译该程序中与兼容性信息有关的部分内容。

适用前款规定获取的信息,不得超出计算机程序兼容的目的使用,不得提供给他人,不得用于开发、生产或者销售实质性相似的计算机程序,不得用于任何侵犯著作权的行为。

第四十七条 为实施国家义务教育编写教科书,依照本法第五十条规定的条件,可以不经著作权人许可,在教科书中汇编已经发表的短小的文字作品、音乐作品或者单幅的美术作品、摄影作品、图形作品。

第四十八条 文字作品在报刊上刊登后,其他报刊依照本法第五十条规定的条件,可以不经作者许可进行转载或者作为文摘、资料刊登。

报刊社对其刊登的作品根据作者的授权享有专有出版权,并在其出版的报刊显著位置作出不得转载或者刊登的声明的,其他报刊不得进行转载或者刊登。

第四十九条 广播电台、电视台依照本法第五十条规定的条件,可以不经著作权人许可,播放其已经发表的作品;但播放视听作品,应当取得著作权人的许可。

本条规定适用于中国著作权人以及其作品创作于中国的外国著作权人。

第五十条 根据本法第四十七条、第四十八条和第四十九条的规定,不经著作权人许可使用其已发表的作品,必须符合下列条件:

(一)在首次使用前向相应的著作权集体管理组织申请备案;

(二)在使用作品时指明作者姓名或者名称、作品名称和作品出处,但由于技术原因无法指明的除外;

(三)在使用作品后一个月内按照国务院著作权行政管理部门制定的付酬标准直接向权利人或者通过著作权集体管理组织向权利人支付使用费,同时提供使用作品的作品名称、作者姓名或者名称和作品出处等相关信息。前述付酬标准适用于自本法施行之日起的使用行为。

著作权集体管理组织应当及时公告前款规定的备案信息,并建立作品使用情况查询系统供权利人免费查询作品使用情况和使用费支付情况。

著作权集体管理组织应当在合理时间内及时向权利人 转付本条第一款所述的使用费。

第五十一条 著作权保护期未届满的已发表作品,使用者尽力查找其权利人无果,符合下列条件之一的,可以在向国务院著作权行政管理部门指定的机构申请并提存使用费后以数字化形式使用:

(一)著作权人身份不明的;

(二)著作权人身份确定但无法联系的。

前款具体实施办法,由国务院著作权行政管理部门另行规定。